нова книга: Stephen Velychenko, Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red: The Ukrainian Marxist Critique of Russian Communist Rule in Ukraine, 1918-1925

нова книга: Stephen Velychenko, Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red: The Ukrainian Marxist Critique of Russian Communist Rule in Ukraine, 1918-1925

Stephen Velychenko
Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red: The Ukrainian Marxist Critique of Russian Communist Rule in Ukraine, 1918-1925. University of Toronto Press, 2015

About the book

In Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red, Stephen Velychenko traces the first expressions of national, anti-colonial Marxism to 1918 and the Russian Bolshevik occupation of Ukraine. Velychenko reviews the work of early twentieth-century Ukrainians who regarded Russian rule over their country as colonialism. He then discusses the rise of “national communism” in Russia and Ukraine and the Ukrainian Marxist critique of Russian imperialism and colonialism. The first extended analysis of Russian communist rule in Ukraine to focus on the Ukrainian communists, their attempted anti-Bolshevik uprising in 1919, and their exclusion from the Comintern, Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red re-opens a long forgotten chapter of the early years of the Soviet Union and the relationship between nationalism and communism. An appendix provides a valuable selection of Ukrainian Marxist texts, all translated into English for the first time.

About the Author

Stephen Velychenko is a research fellow of the Chair of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Toronto. His most recent book was State-Building in Revolutionary Ukraine.


Chapter 1
Historical Background
Ukrainian Anti-colonialist Thought to 1917
Bolsheviks, Colonialism, and Ukraine
Chapter 2
Bolshevik Politics and Ukraine
Rationalizing Russian Domination
Imperial and Other Preconceptions
Red Russian Imperialism
Chapter 3
The Emergence of National Communism
Red Nationalists vs Red Imperialists
Ukrainian Marxists and National Liberation
Ukrainians and the Comintern
Appendix: Translated Documents
1 Temporary Organization Committee of Independentists, 1918 Resolution
2 Four Ukrainian Left-SD Anti-Bolshevik Leaflets, Central Ukraine, 1919
3 Leaflet issued by Otaman Zeleny to Red Army Troops, 1919
4 Anonymous, Khto taki Kommunisty-Borotbysty, 1919?
5 Memorandum of the Moscow-Based Bolshevik “Ukrainian Communist Organization” to Lenin, 1919
6 Resolution Prepared by Federalists for the Kyiv City Section of the CPU, 1920
7 Program of the Ukrainian Communist Party, 1920
8 Four Letters from Former Bolshevik Party Members
9 V. Vynnychenko, Ukrainska Kommunistychna partiia (UKP) i Kommunistychna partiia (bolshevyky) Ukrainy, 1921
10 Resolution on the National and Colonial Question, 1920
11 Anonymous, Vzgliad na polozhenie na Ukraine, 1920
12 Ivan Vrona, Resolution on Russian Bolshevik Colonialism, 1920
13 Vasyl Blakytny. Analysis of CPU, 1920
14 A. Richytsky, “The Economy and Culture,” 1920


“Stephen Velychenko’s excellent book is very timely. It appears just as Ukraine is re-evaluating both its historical relations with Russia and communism’s role in Ukrainian history. Velychenko demonstrates that already during the Revolution groups of Ukrainian leftists condemned Bolshevism as the continuation of Russian imperialism. These leftist Social Democrats went on to create the tiny Ukrainian Communist Party, which until its dispersal in the early 1920s criticized the colonialist attitudes in the official Communist Party of Ukraine. Velychenko shows that contemporary Ukrainian leftists wanted a Ukrainian socialist nation-state and saw the Bolshevik takeover of their country for what it was: an armed conquest. This is an extremely valuable book, as it deconstructs both Soviet and Russian historical mythologies. The appendix includes a treasure trove of historical documents in English translation.”
- Serhy Yekelchyk, Department of Germanic and Slavic Studies and Department of History, University of Victoria

Painting Imperialism and Nationalism Red examines a topic badly needed in the study of Ukrainian, Russian, and East European history. Its comparisons with other European Marxist and socialist movements will be invaluable to historians outside Ukrainian studies and Russian and Soviet history.”
- William J. Risch, Department of History and Geography, Georgia College

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